Latin Name: Scorpiones
Like spiders and mites, scorpions are arachnids. As is characteristic of arachnids, they have 8 legs and no antennae. Scorpions can be distinguished by their long body and large erect tail with a stinger. A strong exoskeleton, powerful stinger, and prey-grabbing pinchers make the scorpion a tough predator.
While there are thousands of species of scorpions in the world that vary in coloration and size, all scorpions share certain characteristics. They all have segmented bodies, two pinchers, 8 legs, an abdomen, and an erect tail with a stinger. While all scorpions are venomous, the harmfulness of the venom depends on the species of the scorpion and the type of victim.
Scorpions live in dry, arid regions of the world, but their bodies are not actually suited for such an environment. They need to stay near a water source and typically stay burrowed underground until nighttime, when the temperatures are more favorable.
At night, the scorpions will leave their burrows to hunt for insects, small mammals, or any other prey that they may find. They grab their prey with their pinchers and inject it with venom using the stinger on the end of their tail. If a human is stung, they may experience numbness and swelling where the stinger made contact with the skin. In more serious cases, the person may have difficulty breathing. This could be from an allergic reaction of a potentially deadly poison. The only way to recover is to quickly inject the anti-venom.
Of the many species of scorpion, the most lethal are the ones found in the Middle East (the fat-tailed scorpion) and Africa (the death stalker). Other species of scorpion may not be as toxic or hostile, but should not be taken lightly. Any scorpion could pose a serious threat to humans with weak or compromised immune systems, such as young, elderly, or ill individuals. Scorpions can also cause serious harm to pets.
How to Get Rid of Scorpions
While scorpion infestations are rare, they are extremely dangerous. It may be necessary to hire a pest control company to have them exterminated, especially f they are already in your home. Here are some steps you can take to deal with and prevent infestations.
- Remove their habitats. Scorpions prefer to burrow in shady and moist areas during the day, so clean up areas with loose organic debris, rock piles, moist or decaying wood, and any other clutter that may provide a dark and moist environment.
- Eliminate their food sources. Scorpions mostly eat insects and are drawn to places with a lot of insect activity. By using insecticides and other products to decrease insect activity, you can removed an attractive food source. Without food, your home will be less attractive to scorpions.
- Seal the house. Scorpions are much larger than the average pest, which means that they need larger cracks and entry points to enter your home. Check your home for cracks in the foundation or open areas around windows. Seal up any and all holes to prevent these large pests from entering.
- Keep things dry. Scorpions need moisture to survive and seek out damp, dark places. Check for leaking pipes or ventilation issues that could be attracting scorpions. If you notice puddles forming around your foundation, it could be a sign that there is a serious drainage problem. Fixing such problems can prevent scorpion infestations.
- Practice Active Prevention. It is extremely important to prevent these dangerous pests from being on your property and entering your home. Repeat these steps as often as possible to stop infestations before they start. Using Cedarcide products can also greatly reduce the risk of infestation.